Flying Scotsman is an LNER Class A1/3 Pacific, he's the last of Gordon's brothers, and the last of Mallard, Green Arrow, and Nigel's cousins. He holds the record for being the first engine to officially run at 100 mph. Flying Scotsman has been described as the world's most famous steam locomotive. He got his name because he ran from London, England all the way to Edinburgh, Scotland.

Biography Edit

Scotsman was built in 1923 in Doncaster becoming the first locomotive of the newly formed London and North Eastern Railway (LNER). He left the works on Febuary 24th, 1923 being numbered as 1472. He was designed by Sir Nigel Gresley as part of the A1 class, some of the most powerful locomotives used by the LNER at that time.

By 1924, when he was selected to appear at the British Empire Exhibition in London, soon after he was renumbered as 4472 and was been given the name ‘Flying Scotsman’ after the London to Edinburgh rail service which started daily at 10am in 1862.

The British Empire Exhibition made Flying Scotsman famous, and it went on to feature in many more publicity events for the LNER. In 1928, he was given a new type of tender with a corridor, which meant that a new crew could take over without stopping the train. This allowed him to haul the first ever non-stop London to Edinburgh service on 1 May, reducing the journey time to eight hours.

In 1934, Scotsman was clocked at 100mph on a special test run he became the first locomotive to officially reach that speed.

LNER passenger locomotives had always been painted Apple Green. But during the Second World War, Flying Scotsman was repainted in wartime black, in common with all railway stock. After the war, he became green again, and was rebuilt as an A3 Pacific.

In 1948, rail travel in Britain was nationalised with the formation of British Railways. Scotsman, now numbered 60103, was painted blue for a time, then BR Green.

He remained in this colour until 1963, when he was retired by British Rail. By this time, he had undergone several alterations to improve his performance but he had been pulling trains for 40 years, and steam engines were becoming old-fashioned.

In January 1963 Alan Pegler bought Flying Scotsman. As part of the deal, Pegler negotiated a complete overhaul of the locomotive. He was converted back to single-chimney condition and repainted in London & North Eastern Railway livery. His tender was exchanged for a corridor type, and an agreement made that enabled him to run on the main line. In a blaze of publicity Flying Scotsman ran its last train for British Railways on 14 January 1963.

In May 1968 on the 40th anniversary of the first non-stop run, Flying Scotsman travelled non-stop from London Kings Cross to Edinburgh.

In 1969 Flying Scotsman headed for the United States on a tour intended to promote British exports. The tour broke even in its first year, but the second lost money. To try to balance the books Pegler arranged for the train to travel to San Francisco. The trip worked well operationally but was a financial disaster. Alan Pegler was forced into bankruptcy and for now at least, Scotsman was stranded in the USA.

However, in 1973 Flying Scotsman was brought back to the UK after William McAlpine heard about the situation in the USA. He promptly put together a rescue plan, paying off the creditors and buying the locomotive. McAlpine had Scotsman restored at Derby Works and kept him running for 23 years in his ownership, extensively overhauling it twice. He even took Flying Scotsman to Australia, making him the first steam locomotive to circumnavigate the globe on their voyage there and back. While in Australia, in 1989 it also set a new record for the longest non-stop run by a steam locomotive at 442 miles.

Following the successful tour of Australia, Flying Scotsman ran special trains around Britain including regular runs over the famous Settle to Carlisle Railway and trips hauling the prestigious Orient Express Pullman train.

He was repaired again in the early 1990s at which time pop impresario Pete Waterman formed a short-lived partnership with Sir William to run the locomotive.

In February 1996 businessman Tony Marchington bought Scotsman outright for £1.25 million.

In 2004, Flying Scotsman hit the headlines again with yet another crisis over his ownership. A campaign spearheaded by National Railway Museum to save him for the nation amassed the support of thousands, confirming its status as a national treasure. From 2006, Flying Scotsman underwent an extensive restoration in the workshop of Riley & Son (E) Ltd. In 2016 the painstaking £4.2m project to bring the legend back to life, resplendent in its BR green livery in his guise as 60103, was completed.

As the restoration process came to an end, all eyes were – once again – trained on the world’s most famous locomotive. The next chapter in the Flying Scotsman story was his triumphant return as a working museum exhibit, conquering yet another record as the oldest mainline working locomotive on Britain’s tracks. Undoubtedly one of the jewels in the crown of the museum’s world-class collection, he is now presented to a new generation of Scotsman fans captivating the public for generations to come.

The appeal to keep the steam icon in Britain was supported by a £1.8 million grant from the National Heritage Memorial Fund and the generosity of the public. The restoration has also been undertaken with the help of a Heritage Lottery Fund grant of £275,000.

Personality Edit

Scotsman can be rather poumpus and arrogant, but he has a big heart. He's a fatherly and brotherly figure amongst the other engines, and is always willing to stand up for anyone in need.

Trivia Edit

  • Flying Scotsman is the first real locomotive introduced in the series
  • In reality, Scotsman is the last surviving member of his class

Appearances Edit

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Main 11
Telford Flying Scotsman Tobias Shane Steve Stewart Jackson David Denver Don & Doug
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